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How To Get Tested?

  • If you have symptoms similar to COVID-19, you should contact your health care provider and ask for a test.

  • Click here to view COVID-19 self-assessments.

  • If you don’t have a health care provider, call the closest urgent care center to you and ask them for a test.

  • Don’t just show up. Always get an appointment first.

  • Meanwhile, remember to take these precautions before you get your results from a test in order to ensure your health and the health of others.

    • Stay home except to get medical care

    • Wear a face covering mask around other people

    • Cover your coughs and sneezes

    • Clean your hands often

    • Avoid sharing—even personal household items

    • Monitor your symptoms

testing centers

Find a testing center close to you!

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How Testing Works + Getting Results

 

There are two types of tests: Viral tests (check for current infection) and Antibody tests (check for past infection).

  • Viral tests:

    • Viral tests take a sample using a shallow nasal swab

    • Viral PCR tests (nasal swabs) look for genetic material resembling COVID-19 in order to give a positive/negative result

    • If you are tested negative, it means that you don't currently have COVID-19 or that your sample was collected to early in your infection. However, you can still contract COVID-19 and spread it to others. So, it is important to maintain social distancing and follow the specific guidelines in your county

    • If you are tested positive, follow the instructions given to you by the doctor and maintain social distancing to keep others safe. Stay away/in a different room from other household members and do not share ANY personal items among them. If you start to feel better after a few days, those might be some positive signs, but continue maintaining social distancing. Sometimes full recovery is possible at home, with a mild COVId-19 illness, without medical care. Contact with others is allowed if and only if:

      • It's been 10 days since first symptom appearedAND

      • It's been 24 hours with no fever without use of fever-reducing medications AND

      • Other symptoms of COVID-19 are improving.

Results can take between 10 minutes to several days

 
 
Blood Test

Results can take between 1 and 3 weeks.

  • Antibody tests:

    • This test checks for antibodies in your blood to see if you have had a past infection with the virus that causes COVID-19. It doesn't imply current infection. 

    • If you are tested positive, it means you have antibodies from an infection with a virus that causes COVID-19. This may mean that you do have protection from getting infected with the virus again. If you do, the effectiveness of this protection is still unknown. Talk to your healthcare provider about your test result and the type of test you took to understand what your result means. You should still continue to protect yourself and others since it’s still possible you could get infected with the virus again

    • If you are tested negative, it means you may not have had COVID-19 before but might have a current infection. Talk to your healthcare provider about your test result and the type of test you took to understand what your result means

    • If you have no symptoms, you likely don’t have an active infection and no follow up is needed. However, If you have symptoms or develop symptoms after your first antibody test, you will need to get a viral test

    • False positive and false negative tests can happen. 

    • False positive tests can occur if a different corona-virus is detected, for example, in some cases the common cold can create a false positive.

    • False negative tests can occur when the test simply fails, this is rare. Read more about these here.

Additional Questions:

Want to learn more about your results? Click here.

More questions about the Viral and Antibody tests? Click here.

Information About Vaccines

 

Keep in mind:

There is no COVID-19 vaccine as of yet but many potential options are being researched.

  • While vaccine development can take years, researchers aren't starting from scratch to develop a COVID-19 vaccine. Past research on SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (middle east respiratory syndrome) vaccines has allowed for a good starting point.

As scientists continue to research the COVID-19 vaccine, it is important to ensure vaccine safety, provide long-term usability, and provide protection to older people. It is of the utmost importance that this vaccine doesn’t cause other complications, worsen the effects of COVID-19, and helps get positive responses from people above the age of 50.

Potential Options:

There are many potential pathways to develop a COVID-19 vaccine: Live vaccines, Inactivated vaccines, Genetically engineered vaccines, Subunit Vaccines, and Nucleic-acid Vaccines to name a few.

Live Vaccines

  • What is in it?

Live vaccines use a weakened form of the germ that causes a disease​. This type of vaccine will prompt a response from the immune system without causing disease

  • ​Other common uses?

Live vaccines are used to protect against measles, mumps, rubella, etc

Inactivated Vaccines

  • What is in it?

Inactivated vaccines use a killed, or an inactive, version of the germ that causes a disease

  • ​Other common uses?

Inactivated vaccines are used to prevent the flu, hepatitis A and rabies

Con: live virus vaccines often need extensive safety testing. 

Con: inactivated vaccines may not provide protection that's as strong as that produced by live vaccines  

Genetically Engineered Vaccines

  • What is in it?

These vaccines use genetically engineered RNA or DNA that has instructions for making copies of the S protein (the spike like structure in COVID-19).

  • ​Other common uses?

Not available

Con: genetically enginee-red vaccines have never been used before since none have been licensed for human use. 

Subunit Vaccines

  • What is in it?

Subunit vaccines use isolated, specific antigens from a germ or virus to generate a strong immune response. VLP vaccines, toxoid vaccines, and conjugate vaccines, etc. are all types of subunit vaccines.

  • ​Other common uses?

Subunit vaccines are used to prevent Hepatitis B, Shingles, Whooping Cough, and more.

Con: subunit vaccines still need to be worked on for efficacy.

Nucleic-Acid Vaccines

  • What is in it?

Nucleic-Acid vaccines have genetic material encoding the antigen(s) against which an immune response is sought. DNA vaccines, mRNA vaccines, etc. are all types of nucleic acid vaccines.

  • ​Other common uses?

Nucleic-Acid vaccines are used to aid with cancer, HIV, malaria, dengue, and more.

Con: immunization with naked nucleic acid is still relatively inefficient.

Specific COVID-19 Vaccines that weren't discussed: Replicating and Non-Replicating Viral Vectors and VLP.

WHO logo.JPG

WHO Vaccine Tracker

This tool from the WHO displays a wide array of COVID-19 candidate vaccines including those by Moderna, Novavax, Oxford, etc. In the tracker is useful information such as the manufacturer of each vaccine, its stage in clinical trials, its developer, and more.

This vaccine tracker from the WHO is a PDF file updated weekly on Sundays at WA-COVID. Before accessing the vaccine tracker tool, be sure to view the WA-COVID Disclaimers and the WHO Disclaimer below.

WHO Disclaimer: These landscape documents have been prepared by the World Health Organization (WHO) for information purposes only concerning the 2019-2020 global of the novel coronavirus. Inclusion of any particular product or entity in any of these landscape documents does not constitute, and shall not be deemed or construed as, any approval or endorsement by WHO of such product or entity (or any of its businesses or activities). While WHO takes reasonable steps to verify the accuracy of the information presented in these landscape documents, WHO does not make any (and hereby disclaims all) representations and warranties regarding the accuracy, completeness, fitness for a particular purpose (including any of the aforementioned purposes), quality, safety, efficacy, merchantability and/or non-infringement of any information provided in these landscape documents and/or of any of the products referenced therein. WHO also disclaims any and all liability or responsibility whatsoever for any death, disability, injury, suffering, loss, damage or other prejudice of any kind that may arise from or in connection with the procurement, distribution or use of any product included in any of these landscape documents. 

NOTE: Vaccines are still being developed and tested before they can be implemented. They might be released during summer/fall 2021 but dates will vary according to testing. COVID-19 is still under a lot of research. Needless to say, scientists and doctors are doing all they can to help local residents and find a way to curve the pandemic.

Page Last Updated: 11/15/2020

Vaccine Tracker

Disclaimer: COVID-19 is still under heavy research and doctors are finding new information every week, so please maintain good hygiene and social distancing until more info is released.

Testing Information References:

1. “Find a Coronavirus Testing Center in Washington.” Carbon Health, carbonhealth.com/coronavirus/covid-19-testing-centers/washington.

2. “Get the Facts about a COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Vaccine.” Mayo Clinic, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 10 June 2020, www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronavirus/in-depth/coronavirus-vaccine/art-20484859.

3. S. Jiang, ME. Bottazzi, et al. “The SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Pipeline: an Overview.” Current Tropical Medicine Reports, Springer International Publishing, 1 Jan. 1970, link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40475-020-00201-6.

4. Lurie, Nicole, et al. “Developing Covid-19 Vaccines at Pandemic Speed: NEJM.” New England Journal of Medicine, 17 June 2020, www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp2005630.

5. “Test for Past Infection (Antibody Test).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 25 June 2020, www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/testing/serology-overview.html.

6. Guidance on Interpreting COVID-19 Test Results. www.whitehouse.gov/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/Testing-Guidance.pdf.

7. What to Do If You Have Confirmed or Suspected Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19), www.doh.wa.gov/Portals/1/Documents/1600/coronavirus/COVIDcasepositive.pdf.

8. Zoppi, Lois. “What Are the Different Types of Vaccines?” News, 28 July 2020, www.news-medical.net/health/What-are-the-Different-Types-of-Vaccines.aspx.

9. “Vaccine Types.” National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, www.niaid.nih.gov/research/vaccine-types.

10. Khan, Kishwar Hayat. “DNA Vaccines: Roles against Diseases.” Germs, National Institute of Infectious Diseases “Prof. Dr. Matei Balş”, Romania, and the European Academy of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Diseases, 1 Mar. 2013, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3882840/.

11. Restifo, N P, et al. “The Promise of Nucleic Acid Vaccines.” Gene Therapy, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Jan. 2000, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2241736/.

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